Recount Text (Pengertian, Tujuan, Generic Structure, Contoh dan Pembahasan)

bahasainggris.guruindonesia.id
Recount Text (Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas X SMA/MA Semester Genap)


Assalamualaikum. Wr. Wb.

Salam Sejahtera bagi seluruh Rekan Pendidikan Sahabat K13, apa kabar hari ini? Semoga selalu diberikan kesehatan dan kesuksesan dalam menjalankan aktivitas hari ini, dan selalu semangat dalam menuntut ilmu pengetahuan sebagai bekal kita semua juga untuk pengetahuan siswa - siswa kita semua.

Kali ini saya akan membahas tentang Recount text, dari pengertian, tujuan, generic structure, contoh dan pembahasan. Mungkin ada beberapa dari kita yang belum tahu bahwa Recount text ternyata memiliki banyak macamnya. Yuk kita bahas.

A. Pengertian Recount Text

Istilah recount berasal dari bahasa Prancis conter yang memiliki dua arti yaitu menghitung ulang dan menceritakan sebuah cerita: The word count comes from the old French conter, which means “add up” or “tell a story”.(vocabulary.com). Jadi jika kamu bingung karena mendengar recount digunakan sebagai istilah bahasa Inggris dalam penghitungan ulang suara pemilu, dan juga digunakan dalam pelajaran bahasa Inggris khususnya dalam genre of text, maka kamu tidak perlu bingung lagi. Karena istilah ini memang digunakan untuk kedua makna tersebut. Lalu untuk membedakannya? cukup lihat kontek atau tema pembicaraannya.

B. Tujuan Recount text

Tujuan komunikatif dari recount text adalah untuk menceritakan pengalaman atau kejadian dan peristiwa yang terjadi pada masa lalu secara kronologis atau secara berurutan dengan tujuan untuk entertain atau menghibur pembaca atau pendengar. Dalam bahasa Inggris, tujuan recount text:

The purpose of a recount is to list and describe past experiences by retelling events in the order in which they happened (chronological order). Recounts are written to retell events with the purpose of either informing or entertaining their audience (or both)

C. Macam – macam Recount text


Recount text memiliki beberapa macam jenis teks yang bisa digunakan untuk Anda menulis. Disesuaikan dengan tujuan dari tulisan itu sendiri. Macam-macam jenis recount text bisa dilihat di bawah ini:

1. Personal recount

Personal recount adalah recount text yang berfungsi menceritakan tentang pengalaman pribadi penulis.

2. Factual recount

Factual recount adalah recount text yang berfungsi untuk menyajikan laporan peristiwa yang benar-benar terjadi, kejadian bersejarah.

3. Biografical Recount

Biografical recount adalah recount text yang berfungsi untuk menyajikan peristiwa dari seseorang yang kita ceritakan.

4. Imaginative Recount Text

Imaginative recount text adalah jenis recount text yang menceritakan imaginasi penulis tentang suatu hal dan dituliskan dalam bentuk past tense.

5. Historical Recount Text

Historical recount text merupakan jenis recount text yang membahas tentang sejarah baik itu tempat bersejarah maupun benda bersejarah.

D. Generic Structure Recount Text

1. Orientation
Pada bagian ini, penulis memulai cerita dengan mengenalkan latar belakang informasi yang menjawab, kapan, di mana kejadian atau peristiwa itu terjadi pada masa lampau.

2. Events
Setelah menceritakan latar belakang atau identitas pelaku, setting tempat dan waktunya, pada bagian ini barulah penulis mulai menceritakan jalannya cerita secara urut atau kronologis.

3. Reorientation
Generic structure dari recount text yang terakhir adalah reorientation, banyak yang menjelaskan bagian ini dengan rangkuman yang berisi pengulangan bagian orientation. Tapi bagi saya, bagian ini sebenarnya adalah bagian conclusion (kesimpulan) atau penutup yang mengekspresikan pendapat pribadi penulis tentang kejadian yang telah diceritakan. Misalnya cerita tentang liburan, maka penulis akan menyimpulkan kesan tentang liburannya dengan “what an exciting holiday! I will go there again someday“.

D. Ciri-ciri Recount Text


1. Memiliki judul yang merangkum teks.

2. Karena menceritakan peristiwa yang terjadi di masa lampau, maka recount text selalu menggunakan past tense. Last week, I went to Bali island with my family.

3. Karena berurutan (kronologis) sering menggunakan kata sambung yang menghubungkan peristiwa-peristiwa dalam waktu, seperti as next, later, when, then, after, before, first.

4. Menceritakan menggambarkan peristiwa, sehingga banyak digunakan terbuat dari verb (kata kerja), dan kata keterangan (yang menggambarkan secara lebih detail bagaimana verb (kata kerja) dilakukan).

E. Contoh Recount Text dan Penjelasannya

Contoh Personal Recount:
bahasainggris.guruindonesia.id


Vacation to Indrayanti Beach 

Last weekend, after visiting my parent at Wonosari Gunungkidul, I and my family went to Indrayanti Beach to spend our holiday by our own car.

The way to get Indrayanti Beach is very zigzag and it’s very quiet in the middle of night. We almost got lost since we never go there before, but eventually we got there safely. We hardly got a room to stay overnight because it was long weekend so that we could not find a room easily.

We got up so early in the morning that we could enjoy sunrise landscape at the beach. My son was playing white sand with his sister while I took their picture.

A day at Indrayanti beach felt so short, we were quite tired for playing a whole day, but we were very happy.

Penjelasan:

1. Paragraf pertama: Orientation, pada bagian ini penulis mencoba mengenalkan pelaku, tempat dan waktu peristiwanya.
2. Paragraf kedua dan ketiga: Events, dua paragraf ini berisi event atau urutan kejadian dalam peristiwa perjalanan dan kegiatan pelaku (we) di pantai Indrayanti.
3. Paragraf keempat: Reorientation, penulis mengakhiri cerita tentang perjalanan pelaku dengan membuat kesimpulan bahwa sekalipun pelaku lelah, tapi mereka merasa senang.

Contoh Factual Recount:
bahasainggris.guruindonesia.id

Titanic 

On April 15, 1912, Titanic, one of the British largest and luxurious liners, sank into the North Atlantic Ocean which about 400 miles south of Newfoundland, Canada.

That giant ship which carried 2,200 passengers and crews had struck an iceberg. Two and a half hour later the ship sank into the deep North Atlantic Ocean at 2:20 a.m.

From that tragedy, more than 1,500 people went down in the sinking ship. Some of them froze to death in the icy North Atlantic water and around 700 people (high class woman and children) survived.

Unfortunately that giant luxurious ship was not equipped with much more lifeboats and good emergency procedures so that the victims of that tragedy were more than the half passengers and crews.

That tragedy became popular again some years later after James Cameron directed a movie entitled Titanic in 1997.

The movie that was inspired by the tragedy of the sinking titanic was a fiction story about the members of different social class who meet in that ship and fallen in love. It was the best movie at that year and still remembered by a lot of people around the world until now.

Penjelasan:
1. Paragraf pertama: Orientation, pada bagian ini penulis mencoba mengenalkan pelaku, tempat dan waktu peristiwanya.
2. Paragraf kedua, ketiga dan keempat: Events, tiga paragraf ini berisi event atau urutan kejadian dalam peristiwa perjalanan dan kegiatan pelaku (it).
3. Paragraf kelima dan keenam: Reorientation, penulis mengakhiri cerita tentang perjalanan pelaku dengan membuat kesimpulan bahwa semua kejadian tersebut nyata dan difilmkan.

Contoh Historical Recount:
sarpen.id/erik

Borobudur 

Last week I was visiting Borobudur temple. It was a great temple and one of the biggest Buddhist temples in the world.

I had been there for several times and I still love to go there again and again. I know a little bit about the history of the restoration of the Borobudur Temple.

Borobudur temple was built in 9th-century in (now) Magelang city, Central Java, Indonesia.

That temple was built during the reign of Sailendra Dynasty as the symbolic monument retelling the life of Buddha in which people can learn about Buddhist religion.

The temple was design in Javanese Buddhist architecture as the acculturation of Indian and Javanese culture.

Some evidences and theories suggest that Borobudur temple was disappeared during the reign of Hindu kingdoms and Islam in java in 14th-century and the years after it.

It was disappeared because of the eruption of Merapi Mountain that buried most of the surrounding area including Borobudur.

But because of that eruption then the temple was survived and untouchable until in 1814 during the British colonialization, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles (the British ruler of Java at that time) got information that there was a hill with carved texture.

After that Thomas Stamford Raffles made a project to dig and clear that area and after 2 mounts working the Borobudur temple was appeared.

But of course at that time the face of Borobudur was extremely different from it appearance today.

Since it was found the British government restored that temple and continued by the Dutch government. The largest restoration was undertaken by Indonesian government and UNESCO between 1975 until 1982.

Since that now we can enjoy and learn about the beauty of the Borobudur Temple.

Penjelasan:
1. Paragraf pertama: Orientation, pada bagian ini penulis mencoba mengenalkan pelaku, tempat dan waktu peristiwanya.
2. Paragraf kedua, ketiga dan keempat: Events, tiga paragraf ini berisi event atau urutan kejadian/peristiwa yang dialami benda bersejarah (it). 
3. Paragraf kelima dan keenam: Reorientation, penulis mengakhiri cerita tentang apa yang hasil akhir dari benda bersejarah tersebut sekarang ini.

Contoh Imaginative Recount:
sarpen.id/erik

Spiderman 


I was dreaming of being super hero when I was a teenager. I imagined myself as Spiderman.

One day, when I was fishing at the river I was bitten by a spider and luckily I was not dying.

At first I felt cold for 24 hours and I was alone in my room. Nobody knew about it. I didn’t tell my family because I was affraid they would angry with me.

After that, something had happened in my body and I still did not recognize it. I lived as I did usually, went to school, go home, eating, doing some activities and so on.

I realized at the first time that I had a super power was when I was getting an accident.

I rode a motor cycle and suddenly there was a bus crashed me. I bounced out of the road and my motor cycle was totally broken.

But at that case, I did not feel any hurt. There was no blood out of my body.

I was angry at that time because the bus did not stop and escaped. I run after it and I didn’t know why I could run so fast and jump so high.

I jumped to the back of the bus and climbed it like a spider. I went to the front, stooped the bus and took the driver out of the bus door.

I knew that I was no more normal human being. I did nothing more to the bus driver. I went back home and decided the next action to do after that.

I did nothing like the Spiderman at the movie that help people to catch the criminals.

I was an opportunist super hero. I was afraid of killing people so that I hide my power from anybody else. I used my power only when I or my family and friends got into dangerous.

Penjelasan:
1. Paragraf pertama: Orientation, pada bagian ini penulis mencoba mengenalkan pelaku, tempat dan waktu peristiwanya.
2. Paragraf kedua, ketiga dan keempat: Events, tiga paragraf ini berisi event atau urutan kejadian/peristiwa yang dialami pelaku dalam hal ini si penulis(I).
3. Paragraf kelima dan keenam: Reorientation, penulis mengakhiri cerita tentang apa yang terjadi bahwa semua itu hanya mimpi si penulis. 

Contoh Biografical Recount:
sarpen.id/erik

R. A Kartini 

Each April 21 peolple in indonesia celebrate the kartini day. It is delightful day for the lady on the grounds that we praise the conception of incredible woman R.A. Kartini. Everybody knows who Kartini is. She is our national champion and an extraordinary woman with the brilliant thought.

Kartini was conceived in 1879 April 21 in Mayong Jepara. Her dad was Rama Sosroningrat a Wedana (associate of head of rule) in Mayong. Her mom, Ma Ngasirah was a young lady from Teluk Awur town in Jepara as the little girl of a respectable family, she felt fortunate in light of the fact that she got more than the standard individuals got. She improved instruction than other youngsters. In november 12 1903 she wedded adipati djoyodiningrat, the head of rembang rule. As per Javanese custom Kartini needed to tail her spouse. At that point she moved to Rembang.

In September 13 1904 she gave a conception to her child. His name was Singgih. Anyway, subsequent to conceiving a child, her condition was deteriorating and she at long last passed away on september 17 1904 on her 25 years of age.

Presently Kartini has gone. Anyway, her soul and dream will dependably be in our heart. These days Indonesian ladies advancement is affected by kartini’s soul expressed on accumulation of letter “habis gelap terbitlah terang” or from the nightfall to the first light.

Penjelasan:
1. Paragraf pertama: Orientation, pada bagian ini penulis mencoba mengenalkan pelaku, tempat dan waktu peristiwanya.
2. Paragraf kedua dan ketiga: Events, dua paragraf ini berisi event atau urutan kejadian dalam peristiwa perjalanan dan kegiatan pelaku.
3. Paragraf keempat: Reorientation, penulis mengakhiri cerita bahwasanya sang tokoh menjadi panutan untuk seluruh kaum wanita di indonesia bahkan di dunia. 

Demikian lah pembahasan singkat mengenai Recount Text, mudah-mudahan bermanfaat buta seluruh Rekan-rekan pendidikan semua. Ingat kata pa' Ustadz "Sampaikanlah Walaupun 1 Ayat", jadi jangan lupa dishare jika bermanfaat. Terima kasih sudah membaca sampai selesai, Wassalamualaikum. wr. Wb.



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